This book deals with various aspects of crypto asset class and blockchain. The crypto asset class and the blockchain emerged around 2009 with the introduction of Bitcoin, and not without controversy. One of the first use cases of Bitcoin was for purchases and sales on the “Silk Road,” on online marketplace with a reputation for dealing in narcotics, illegal weapons and even criminal services such as murder for hire. The concept and the Bitcoin currency itself has been labeled a “Ponzi Scheme” by numerous economists and has been outlawed entirely in several countries. Nevertheless, numerous technology companies, financial institutions and governments are creating working groups and there is a growing consensus that the underlying blockchain of Bitcoin will transform industries.
Bitcoin’s uses cryptography-based security, and the cryptography creates an algorithm or a mathematical formula that is represented in the form of a token. The token is not a physical coin, but rather a protocol or a representation of value. A token can be a currency token, a storage of value (as Bitcoin is), or something more multifaceted, such as a decentralized autonomous organization (“DAO”) that’s based on distributed ledger technology (“DLT”)